Mesh implants from the Optomesh® family can be used in the open methods.
In case of inguinal hernias; e.g. Liechtenstein method, Wantz and Rutkow methods are such operations.
Liechtenstein operational method
(Liechtenstein IL.Herniotheraphy- a personal experience with 6321 cases. Am J Surg. 1987;153:553-9.)
Meshes made of pure polypropylene must not be implanted in intraperitoneally.
On the basis of: Mesh location in Open Ventral Hernia Repair: A. Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis DOI 10.1007/s00268-015-3252-9